THE CANADIAN SHIELD

 

The Canadian Shield is the largest region in Canada. It is shaped like a saucer. The Canadian Shield is highest along the edges and lowest in the center around Hudsonís bay.

The Canadian Shield has an area of 1.8 million square covering most of the NWT, a corner of Alberta, half of Saskatchewan, half of Manitoba, and all of Ontario and Quebec. In the north it borders along the Arctic Ocean .

Only a few people live in the northern part of the Canadian Shield. Most of the people live in the southern central part. Some of the largest cities are: Sudbury, Chicoutimi, Quebec city, Thompson Manitoba Yellow knife, Toronto, Montreal, and Ottawa.

The Canadian Shield covers such a large area that there is a range of climates. In the winter in the northern part is long and very cold {much like the Tundra region.} The northern part also gets the most snow and usually has the shortest summers with few warm days and cold nights. The Canadian Shield can receive approximately 45 cm of rain per year.

The Canadian Shield has many natural resources. The northern section of the Canadian Shield is very rocky meaning there is very little or no farmland due to this poor soil. Most people work in forestry industries. Most of the cities and towns in the Canadian Shield are close to mines and paper mills. Other people work in power stations as the Canadian Shield has many rivers that serve as dams for hydro electricity. Northern Ontario is rich in minerals such as copper, zinc, iron, gold, silver, uranium, diamonds and lead. It also has large nickel mines found in Sudbury, Ontario.

When we were researching the Canadian Shield we found out interesting information on mining. We were left wondering about the dangers of Coal Mining.